may, 2019

2019wed15may7:00 pm8:00 pmNavigating by the Stars – Iwikuamo‘o7:00 pm - 8:00 pm Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street Event Organized By: Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum


Event Details

Navigating by the Stars Series
Wednesday, May 15, 2019 – This month’s Hawaiian star line: Iwikuamo‘o (Backbone)
7:00 – 8:00 p.m.
General: $10/ Youth: $7 / Members $5

Bishop Museum’s J. Watumull Planetarium Presents “Navigating by the Stars—A Series of Talks from Polynesian Voyaging Society Navigators,” featuring Ka‘iulani Murphy.

At Bishop Museum, we believe in exploring the world around us and in the importance of sharing knowledge. Join Bishop Museum Planetarium educators and Polynesian Voyaging Society navigators as the stars are projected on Bishop Museum’s 30-foot Planetarium dome and listen as Hōkūleʻa navigator and Honolulu Community College Hoʻokele Instructor Ka‘iulani Murphy shares how voyaging navigators use the stars to navigate. Each talk will include an introduction to the night sky and will feature the Hawaiian star line most prominent that month. To help remember the pattern of stars in the sky, it is organized into four star lines, each taking up about a fourth of the celestial sphere.

Following each talk, weather permitting, you will be invited to the Bishop Museum viewing deck to find the stars in the actual night sky that were discussed earlier in the program.

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(Wednesday) 7:00 pm - 8:00 pm


Bishop Museum

1525 Bernice Street


Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum808.847.3511 1525 Bernice Street Honolulu, Hawai‘i 96817

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Written Hawaiian uses two diacritical markings as pronunciation guides:

  • The ‘okina, which is typographically represented as a reversed apostrophe. In spoken Hawaiian, the ‘okina indicates a glottal stop, or clean break between vowels. If your browser supports this display (and it may not, depending on browser type and settings), an ‘okina should look like this: ‘. If browsing conditions do not support this display, you might be seeing a box, a blank space, or odd-looking character instead.
  • The kahako, or macron, which is typographically represented as a bar above the letter, as in ā (again, you will see it correctly only if your browser delivers it correctly). The macron on a vowel indicates increased duration in pronunciation of the vowel that it appears over.

Web browsers sometimes have difficulty reproducing these markings without the use of graphics, special fonts, or special coding. Even correctly authored Web pages that use Unicode coding may be transmitted through a server that displays the symbols incorrectly or the browser may use a replacement font that displays these incorrectly.

Since most browsers can and do display the ASCII grave symbol (‘) as coded, this site uses the grave symbol to represent the ‘okina. We do depict the correct ‘okina on all pages in the title graphic because it is embedded in the graphic and not displayed as text.

The kahako/macron is more problematic. Given the problems with displaying this with current technology, some websites resort to displaying these with diaeresis characters instead, as in ä, which will appear in most browsers (but not all) as an “a” with two dots over it. However, this is not a desirable solution because it doesn’t work uniformly in all browser situations. Until Unicode fonts are more universally displayable, the site reluctantly omits the kahako from most text.

For up-to-date information on how to display the Hawaiian language on websites, visit by the Kualono Hawaiian Language Center of the University of Hawaii. General information on these issues can also be found at and