march, 2019

2019thu21mar6:00 pm7:30 pmBiocultural Restoration of an Ahupua‘a with Dr. Kawika Winter6:00 pm - 7:30 pm Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street Event Organized By: Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum


Event Details

Thursday, March 21, 2019
Hawaiian Science:
Biocultural Restoration of an Ahupua‘a
with Dr. Kawika Winter
Thursday, March 21, 2019
6:00–7:30 p.m.
Hawaiian Hall Atrium
Bishop Museum members receive free admission with membership card

Explore large-scale biocultural restoration and traditional resource management with Dr. Kawika Winter. Winter is the reserve manager at the He‘eia National Estuarine Research Reserve, located within the largest sheltered body of water in the Hawaiian Islands. The reserve protects unique ecosystems including the He‘eia Stream, coral reefs, sand flats, an ancient Hawaiian fishpond, as well as traditional agricultural and heritage lands. It is home to the endangered Hawaiian stilt, moorhen, coot, duck and hoary bat. Winter will speak about the effect of a typically Western scientific approach compared with Native Hawaiian management practices.

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(Thursday) 6:00 pm - 7:30 pm


Bishop Museum

1525 Bernice Street


Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum808.847.3511 1525 Bernice Street Honolulu, Hawai‘i 96817

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Written Hawaiian uses two diacritical markings as pronunciation guides:

  • The ‘okina, which is typographically represented as a reversed apostrophe. In spoken Hawaiian, the ‘okina indicates a glottal stop, or clean break between vowels. If your browser supports this display (and it may not, depending on browser type and settings), an ‘okina should look like this: ‘. If browsing conditions do not support this display, you might be seeing a box, a blank space, or odd-looking character instead.
  • The kahako, or macron, which is typographically represented as a bar above the letter, as in ā (again, you will see it correctly only if your browser delivers it correctly). The macron on a vowel indicates increased duration in pronunciation of the vowel that it appears over.

Web browsers sometimes have difficulty reproducing these markings without the use of graphics, special fonts, or special coding. Even correctly authored Web pages that use Unicode coding may be transmitted through a server that displays the symbols incorrectly or the browser may use a replacement font that displays these incorrectly.

Since most browsers can and do display the ASCII grave symbol (‘) as coded, this site uses the grave symbol to represent the ‘okina. We do depict the correct ‘okina on all pages in the title graphic because it is embedded in the graphic and not displayed as text.

The kahako/macron is more problematic. Given the problems with displaying this with current technology, some websites resort to displaying these with diaeresis characters instead, as in ä, which will appear in most browsers (but not all) as an “a” with two dots over it. However, this is not a desirable solution because it doesn’t work uniformly in all browser situations. Until Unicode fonts are more universally displayable, the site reluctantly omits the kahako from most text.

For up-to-date information on how to display the Hawaiian language on websites, visit by the Kualono Hawaiian Language Center of the University of Hawaii. General information on these issues can also be found at and