march, 2020

2020thu19marAll Daysat212020 HMA Conference(All Day)


Event Details

2020 Advance Registration

HMA special events and pre-conferences fill up quickly.  By registering in advance, you will have first choice of events and/or pre-conferences. Two weeks before the program is announced to the general public, you will have an opportunity to make your selections.

Conference Dates

  • Thursday, March 19 – Pre-conference tours to area attractions and/or workshops
  • Friday, March 20 – Conference Sessions
  • Saturday, March 21 – Conference Sessions

HMA Membership

To learn about the benefits of becoming an HMA member, check your membership status, or join click here.


Email or call 808-664-6031.

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march 19 (Thursday) - 21 (Saturday)

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Written Hawaiian uses two diacritical markings as pronunciation guides:

  • The ‘okina, which is typographically represented as a reversed apostrophe. In spoken Hawaiian, the ‘okina indicates a glottal stop, or clean break between vowels. If your browser supports this display (and it may not, depending on browser type and settings), an ‘okina should look like this: ‘. If browsing conditions do not support this display, you might be seeing a box, a blank space, or odd-looking character instead.
  • The kahako, or macron, which is typographically represented as a bar above the letter, as in ā (again, you will see it correctly only if your browser delivers it correctly). The macron on a vowel indicates increased duration in pronunciation of the vowel that it appears over.

Web browsers sometimes have difficulty reproducing these markings without the use of graphics, special fonts, or special coding. Even correctly authored Web pages that use Unicode coding may be transmitted through a server that displays the symbols incorrectly or the browser may use a replacement font that displays these incorrectly.

Since most browsers can and do display the ASCII grave symbol (‘) as coded, this site uses the grave symbol to represent the ‘okina. We do depict the correct ‘okina on all pages in the title graphic because it is embedded in the graphic and not displayed as text.

The kahako/macron is more problematic. Given the problems with displaying this with current technology, some websites resort to displaying these with diaeresis characters instead, as in ä, which will appear in most browsers (but not all) as an “a” with two dots over it. However, this is not a desirable solution because it doesn’t work uniformly in all browser situations. Until Unicode fonts are more universally displayable, the site reluctantly omits the kahako from most text.

For up-to-date information on how to display the Hawaiian language on websites, visit by the Kualono Hawaiian Language Center of the University of Hawaii. General information on these issues can also be found at and